Kidney Stones Channel
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Kidney Stones

Making a Diagnosis

In order to diagnose a patient with kidney stones, doctors will typically:
  • Gather a medical history
  • Ask about the patient's occupation
  • Ask about the patient's eating habits
  • Order laboratory tests, which will include urine and blood tests.
The laboratory should also analyze any kidney stones that are removed from a patient, because the composition of the stones may help in finding the right kidney stone treatment.
(Click Kidney Stones Diagnosis for more information.)


Most kidney stones will pass out of the body as fluid intake is increased; pain medication may also be prescribed. However, if you have a kidney stone that will not pass through your body, your doctor may need to perform a procedure to get rid of it. In the past, the only way to remove a problem stone was through major surgery. However, doctors now have new treatment options for problem kidney stones. These options include:
  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (tunnel surgery).
Once the stone has passed or been removed, your doctor will tell you how to prevent future kidney stones. These preventive options can include lifestyle changes and/or medicine, depending on the type and cause of the stones.

(Click Kidney Stones Treatment for more information.)

Kidney Stones in Women and Children

Although men tend to develop kidney stones more frequently than women, the number of women with kidney stones has been increasing. Children may also develop kidney stones, although this does not occur very often. Most children with kidney stones usually have a genetic or metabolic disease that makes them more likely to form stones.

Information on Kidney Stones

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