Urolithiasis is the medical term used to describe kidney stones that occur in the urinary tract. Other frequently used terms are urinary tract stone disease and nephrolithiasis. Doctors also use terms that describe the location of the kidney stone in the urinary tract. For example, a ureteral stone (or ureterolithiasis) is a kidney stone found in the ureter.
Key information to keep in mind regarding kidney stones includes:
- Most kidney stones will pass out of the body without a doctor's help
- See your doctor if you have severe pain in your back or side that will not go away
- See your doctor if you have blood in your urine (urine will appear pink)
- Drink lots of water to prevent more kidney stones from forming
- When you pass a kidney stone, try to catch it in a strainer to show to your doctor
- Talk to your doctor about how to avoid more kidney stones.